Electric utilities central are companies operating in the electric power generating, transmission and distribution under certain regulations. Electric utilities are usually referred to as public utilities.
A typical electric power system installation consists of three main components:
Under electric utilities, the distribution channel otherwise called the dispatch centres can both buy and sell electricity to consumers. However, the amount available for distribution will depend on the transmitting power.
The electric utilities central is one of the highest employment of labour in the US. A career in the public utility sector is highly rewarding; providing numerous individuals with employment opportunities down the pipeline.
In this article, we’ll discuss electric utilities, jobs available in the sector, benefits of working in the electric utility sector, and provide answers to the question – “is electric utilities central a good career path?
What is Electric Utility?
Electric utility plays a vital role in the public system hence the name public utility. The industry is responsible for the generation and distribution of electricity to consumers under government regulation.
Major players or stakeholders in the electric utility central include investors, the public sector, cooperatives, or nationalized.
These entities engage in the buying and selling of electricity, acting as brokers, but they do not own or operate the facilities that generate electricity, transmit electricity, or distribute electricity.
Authorities at both the municipal and national levels are responsible for regulating utilities.
Electric utilities are being asked to do more and more, and some of the problems they face are ageing infrastructure, problems with reliability, and more rules.
How does an Electric Utility work?
Electricity is delivered to consumers through a complex network, which involves generating electricity at power plants and moving it through a complex system known as the grid, electricity substations, transformers, and power lines that connect electricity producers and consumers.
Is Electric Utilities Central a Good Career Path?
Certainly yes! Electricity is a significant source of energy to power homes and industries.
Therefore, if you are looking for a career path where growth can easily be accomplished irrespective of the department you work in, then the Electric Utilities central is an option to consider.
The demand for Electric Utility professionals and energy experts is in high demand at all major corporations across the globe.
As humans depend on power for sustainability, the demand for any position within the sector (oil, gas, coal, petroleum, solar electricity, wind farms) can never go away.
Electric Utilities workers are among the top-paying jobs in the US. For example, an electrical engineer earns $96,640 per year, which is significantly higher than the majority of jobs in other sectors or industries.
Electric Utility Central Job Responsibilities
- Installs and monitors performance of installed electrical equipment for hazards, adjustments, or replacement.
- Leads, guides, and/or trains other electricians in applicable procedures and techniques; coordinates system repairs.
- Plans and implements medium voltage electrical primary system switching procedures.
- Managing system repairs and leading, helping, or training other electricians.
- Performs operations and maintenance on switchgear and controls for low, medium, and high voltages.
- Troubleshoots, tests, and inspects complex electrical systems, moderately complex relay calibration, adjustment and calibration of complex protective relays, and power metering for substations and individual services; use computers to control, test, and program electrical equipment.
- Performs readings of, uses, and changes control delineations, constructing schematics and electrical panel schedules.
- Reads, employs, and updates electrical panel schedules, control drawings, and building schematics.
- Ensures that the appropriate care is taken in equipment and inventory.
3 Main Categories of Electric Utilities Central:
1. Investors-Owned Utilities
These kinds of utilities are referred to as investor-owned utilities (IOUs).
Investor-owned utilities, or IOUs, are large electric distributors, privately held companies that issue stock owned by shareholders. They offer utilities such as electricity and natural gas to yield a profit for investors. Almost three-quarters of utility customers get their electricity from these companies. IOUs are most prevalent in heavily populated areas.
IOUs purchase power through contracts while the Public Utilities commission establishes and regulates rates, and clients are allowed to weigh in on the process.
They are the most common type of electric mileage, and they have a wide range of interesting guests. Examples include Pacific Gas and Electric (in California), Public (megacity-possessed), and First Energy (Ohio).
2. Public Utility
Public power utilities are community-owned, not-for-profit electric utilities that safely provide reliable, low-cost electricity to consumers, while protecting the environment.
The low-cost electricity means a higher community advantage as many people can benefit from the public utilities power system. Public serviceability has the potential to restore extra financial resources to consumers.
The rates are set by the council of mileage or the council of a megacity.
Public utilities either run their power generation facilities or obtain power through contractual arrangements.
Public utilities may include common carriers as well as corporations that provide electric, gas, water, heat, and television cable systems.
An electric cooperative is a private, non-profit company whose purpose is to deliver electricity to its customers or members.
The cooperative model helps keep electric rates affordable by giving co-op members a voice in their electric service, through their not-for-profit structure, and by returning excess revenue to members. A portion of excess revenues, called margins, are held in reserve and re-invested in the cooperative infrastructure.
Distribution cooperatives and generation and transmission (G&T) cooperatives are the two types of cooperatives. Electricity is supplied to the members of a distribution cooperative by the cooperative itself.
Co-ops are usually started in rural areas where it’s hard to get electricity and investors don’t own a power source or have a lot of outside mileage.
Why Is Electric Utilities Central A Good Career Path?
Below are some of the benefits of working in the electric Utilities industry:
- High demand for jobs
- Good job security
- The potential for travel throughout the country
- Increased pay for education requirements
- The versatility of specific jobs-from line crew to management
- Ability to work hands-on and in the field
- Gain skills that can be transmitted anywhere in the world
- Good relative benefits
- Career advancement opportunities – as the world switches to clean/green energy, electric Utilities personnel will need to update their knowledge and skill set
High Paying Jobs in Electric Utility Central Industry:
Everything that contributes to the production of electricity in the United States, including coal, oil, gas, petroleum, solar energy, and windmills, is the focus of this industry.
Due to the ever-growing demand for energy, the utility industry is becoming one of the most innovative and flexible industries in the world. Energy investors invest in different sectors capable of producing electricity. And as the demand for renewable energy increases, even companies in the oil and gas industry are now exploring opportunities in renewable energy sources such as hydroelectric dams, biomass fuel, solar panels and also from windmills.
Many job opportunities lie within the Utilities industry, ranging from positions in management and sales to those in engineering and other technical fields. The pay is higher compared to the median salary in the US.
Below are the job opportunity that attracts high pay and still create room for career advancement
1. Gas Controller:
Gas controller is one of the highest-paid jobs in the electric utilities central. They work with oil and gas companies and their duties include:
- Preventing major problems from occurring in the power infrastructure
- Monitoring and regulating the flow of natural gas into pipelines and storage facilities
- Monitoring live pipeline pressure data
- Alter the valves in pipes to regulate the flow of gas or cut off gas flow in an emergency situation.
- Identifying and responding to abnormal flow volume and emergency readings
- Adjusting the settings in gas chambers like temperature, pressure, and flow rate.
Gas Controllers generally work in a control room where monitors display the complete system but their responsibilities may require monitoring field equipment.
2. Power Plant Operators
A power plant operator is responsible for the smooth running of electricity-generating power plants including boilers, turbines, gauges and controls, pumps, fans, etc. He also carries out the cleaning, lubricating and maintenance of the power plant components to prevent failures or excessive wear and tear in any part of the machines.
Moreover, they may receive bonuses and additional benefits, such as health insurance and retirement programs.
The average Power Plant Operator I salary in the United States is $66,966. But the range typically falls between $56,083 and $82,354.
3. Utilities Manager
A Utilities Manager is responsible for overseeing the facilities that provide necessary services to residential areas. These services include water treatment facilities, electrical plants, and telecommunications organizations.
They are also responsible for:
- The management of water, sewer, or power systems.
- Ensuring compliance with all regulatory requirements and the efficient operation of the business.
- And collaborate closely with marketing to guarantee that customer needs are addressed.
4. Power Engineer
Power engineers main responsibilities in the electric utilities sector include following all processes, performing equipment repairs and maintenance, and adhering to safe operating procedures. You are in charge of the facility’s entire electrical grid, including the lighting, air conditioning, water treatment, and all other power generation systems. To be successful in this position, you This position requires knowledge of electricity infrastructure and its applications.
5. Nuclear Licensing Engineer
Nuclear licensing engineer is among the highest paying jobs in the US with a high job satisfaction rate. As a nuclear licensing engineer, you are mainly responsible for providing licensing and regulatory support for a nuclear energy plant, ensuring systems and equipment are performing as expected.
Although this position can sometimes be tedious, the salary is highly commensurate with experience level.
To qualify for the position of a nuclear licensing engineer, you must hold a master’s degree in addition to a bachelor’s degree in engineering.
6. Substation Engineer:
Substation engineers are workers employed to monitor day to day operation and maintenance of electric power substations. Their principal role is to guarantee that the substations are operating safely and efficiently.
And sometimes they can be required to work with new technologies and systems, which can be both exciting and difficult.
The national average salary for a Substation Engineer is $88,213 per year in the United States
7. Energy Efficiency Engineer
As an energy efficiency engineer, your job is to create and implement energy-saving strategies, provide technical expertise and help with the development of energy-saving plans for customers in industrial, commercial, and residential areas. You’ll be the one to determine the best way to improve the efficiency of your client’s energy systems. And also helps to minimize energy usage and greenhouse gas emissions. Your role as an energy efficiency expert can significantly impact our planet.
8. Hydroelectric Plant Operator
A hydroelectric plant operator plays an important role in the electric utilities central sector.
They are high in demand and are among the highest salary earners in the sector. Their duties include controlling and maintaining the equipment that creates electricity in a hydroelectric power plant. Monitoring operations and regulating the flow of electricity out of the plant as well as observing the flow of water through turbines.
A high school diploma or equivalent is required to become a hydroelectric power plant operator.
The average annual pay for a Hydroelectric Plant Operator Job in the US is $57747 a year.
List of Some of the Companies in the Electric Utilities Central
Pay, benefits, and working conditions vary considerably based on the organization you work for.
Here are some of the best electric utility companies to work for, ranked by employee satisfaction:
1. The Southern Company
The Southern Company is located in Atlanta, Georgia, With a focus on high electric utility, the company is among the top companies for career advancement. It has a median pay of $85,000 and an 88% job satisfaction rating.
2. NRG Energy
NRG Energy is a global electric utility central with offices in both Texas and New Jersey.
The median experienced salary is put at $96,700/year, and the survey shows an 85% employee satisfaction rating.
Located in California, Chevron utility has a median experienced pay of $122,000/year and 81% job satisfaction.
Chevron is a popular company with over 60,000 employees in the US and encourages and incentivizes employees to contribute to their communities through volunteer work.
This is a Houston-based utility company. It has an experienced media pay of $111,000 along with other incentives.
Job satisfaction rating of 79%.
ConocoPhillips has a strong belief in mentorship and developing new talent to grow within the company.
Ameren is located in St. Louis, Missouri.
The median experienced salary is $88,100/year.
Employee satisfaction rating is put at 78%.
The PPL is an international energy company with a median experienced salary of $103,000/year and a job satisfaction rate of 77%.
7. Duke Energy
Duke Energy is a North Carolina-based utility company. The employee job satisfaction rate is put at 78%. The median experienced pay is $91,000/year
8. Baker Hughes
Baker Hughes is another electric utility Houston-based company having a median experience pay of $93,000/year and boasts a 74% job satisfaction rating.
One of the most prolific energy utilities is ExxonMobil. It has a median experienced salary of $117,000/year and a job satisfaction rate of 72%.
10. NextEra Energy
Located in Juno Beach, Florida, NextEra Energy has an experienced median pay of over $87,000/year and a job satisfaction rate of 72%.
So, is electric utilities central to a good career path? Definitely!
If you’re looking for a decent career path that is exceptionally stable, high-paying, and versatile enough to allow for movement and advancements in your career within the industry with a flexible work-life balance, then the electric utility central is a good choice for you.
So what are you waiting for? Get started today!